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“经典的流变”

  • Update:2013-09-13
内容摘要
5月9日:齐庆媛、蔡端懿、黄文智、李云、陈朵朵、王莹莹、黃海燕
历史留给我们的遗产丰厚而沉重,经典的接受与误读,建构与重构,在时光的流转中不断变幻本初的模样。我们从专业的角度去审视和思考经典的形式、语言,以及艺术家创作的激情和美学追求,以期能够挖掘经典背后的人文精神与审美本质。

中国北方地区辽代与北宋菩萨像造型分析
齐庆媛
内容提要:
本稿就中国北方地区辽代与北宋菩萨像,在实地调查基础上进行了造型考察。辽代与北宋菩萨像各成系统,每一系统分别着眼于宝冠与发髻、服装、装身具、躯体形态四个方面,具体进行形式和样式分析。
认为辽代菩萨像早期主要继承了唐代因素,中期形成挺拔健美的辽风格。北宋菩萨像前期较多地保留了唐代遗风,晚期呈现浓厚世俗化倾向。辽代与北宋菩萨像造型相互影响的情况也时有所见。本考察为深入了解辽代与北宋佛教文化内涵,提供了新的有力依据。
关键词:中国北方地区 辽代 北宋 菩萨像造型
Bodhisattva statues form analysis of Liao Dynasty and Northern Song in Northern China area
QI Qing-yuan
Abstract
This thesis is base on the Bodhisattva statues of Liao Dynasty and Northern Song in northern China area. Study the form of the statues according to the result of field survey. The Bodhisattva statues of Liao Dynasty and Northern Song had formed their own system. Focus on each system with four areas, including crown and hair-style, clothing, body decoration and the form of the body, analyze the form and style one by one. In the early period, Liao’s Bodhisattva statues were basically accepted the elements of Tong Dynasty. In the middle period, the tall and graceful fit “Liao style” was formed. Statues of early Northern Song mostly contained the style of Tong Dynasty, and appear noticeable secularization in later period. It is common to see the interaction between Liao Dynasty and Northern Song Bodhisattva statues’ form, this thesis can help to understand more about the content of Liao and Northern Song Buddhism culture.
Keyswords: Northern China, Liao Dynasty, Northern Song, Bodhisattva statues
 

1970-1990年意大利高端时尚品牌演进及启示
蔡端懿
清华大学美术学院
摘要:1970-1990年期间意大利高端时尚品牌的发展阶段所呈现出来的一些特征与当下我国该领域的品牌发展阶段有一定的相似之处。本文选取了若干意大利顶级时尚品牌(时装、皮具及珠宝类)在这一时期的发展实态作为研究样本,从中梳理和发现它们得以成功的经验和规律,同时,对比我国时尚业及时尚品牌现存的问题和优势,提出了一些建议,希望对我国这一领域的品牌建设有所裨益。
关键词:意大利;时尚品牌;演进;启示
Evolution and Revelation of Italian High Fashion Brand in 1970-1990
Cai Duanyi
Academy of Art & Design, Tsinghua University
Abstract: There are some similarities between the development stage of Italian high fashion brand in 1970-1990 and the stage of the same field in contemporary China. This article selects several Italian top fashion brands (fashion, leather goods and jewelry brands) as the research specimen, and discovered their experiments and pattern of success. Meanwhile, the article combined them with the problems and superiorities of Chinese fashion industry and brands, and proposed several recommendations to improve the local brand construction.
Key words: Italy; fashion brand; evolution; revelation

黄文智
提要:美术学院在源初是一个自由和注重个性的松散组织,发展至今日俨然成为教育的一大阵营,但艺术教育的特性,决定了美术学院必然有独特的性格特征。在美术学院造型学科中,教师兼有师长和艺术家的双重身份,其艺术个性影响着教学深度实现和所在艺术院校的进一步发展。
个人方式是艺术家区别于他者作品的面貌。高名潞策划的“个人方式——张德建、孔千、马元、谭勋作品展”,以鲜明的艺术个性展现了天津美术学院部分教师的创作面貌,分析他们的作品风格与内在特征,将有助于诸美术学院水准的提高和艺术教育的推进,继而实现一种兼容并蓄的伟大性格。
关键词:个人方式;美术学院性格
Summary: The art academies are originally free organizations focusing on individuals. They have become a big camp of education industry up to today. But the specificity of their art education determines that the art academies inevitably have the distinctive characters. In plasticism of art academy, the teachers play double roles as parents and artists. Their individual characters of art influnce the deep actualization of teaching and the further development of the academy they belong to.
Individual style is the feature that distinguishes artests from others. Indivudual style-Zhang Dejian, Kong Qian, Ma Yuan and Tan Xun Works Exhibition, which is planned by Gao Minglu, expresses the creating feature of parts of teachers of Tianjin Art Academy. To analyse their works style and inner characteristic will improve the level of art academies and advance the art education industry, afterwards actualize a fully inclusive and equitable great charater.
Key words: individual style, art academy character

保罗•塞尚在美国语境中的接受与传播(1891-1913)
李云
内容摘要:保罗•塞尚是美国现代艺术的启蒙者,从塞尚的静物与风景中,美国艺术家逐渐认识到艺术的形式价值。另一方面,美国的艺术家、批评家、收藏家对塞尚创作的效仿、评论、典藏、展览对塞尚作品在艺术史中的经典化也起着关键作用。本文主要分析了自19世纪末到20世纪初,塞尚作品在美国语境中的传播、接受的历史。
关键词:保罗•塞尚;美国现代艺术
Dissemination and Reception of Cezanne in the American Context(1891-1913)
Abstract:Paul Cezanne played a role of torchbearer in the history of American modern art. Through his work, these American modern artists recognized the form value in the plain canvas gradually. Meanwhile, the imitation, criticism, collection and exhibition of presented by Americans promoted his canonization process. This paper intends to analyze the dissemination and reception of his work in the American context.
Keyword: Paul Cezanne; American Modern Art

从衣纹的技法发展看浙派写意人物画形式语言的形成
陈朵朵
摘要
1949年新中国成立以后,在“文艺为工农兵服务”的方针指引下,浙派写意人物画也投入到以工农兵形象为主体的创作中,人物画家要描绘新时代的工农兵形象,不可避免的要表现他们的衣着。而此时,传统的绘画技法已经不能满足反映工农兵生活的要求,浙派写意人物画的开创者们开始探索新的形式语言,因此,描绘衣纹技法的发展和变化,推动和丰富了浙派写意人物画形式语言的转化和形成。本文从分析20世纪50年代的时代背景入手,通过对大量浙派写意人物画开创者的作品和文献研究,发现他们改造苏式素描,借鉴了任伯年中西融合的绘画道路,强调以线条为主要表现形式,注重造型的结构特点和写实因素。浙派写意人物画还从中国传统写意花鸟画中汲取养料,在延续了中国传统文人画笔墨特点的同时,也形成了浙派写意人物画的独特风貌。
关键词:衣纹技法;浙派写意人物画的形式语言;线条为主;写实因素;写意花鸟画
Abstract
Since the foundation of the new China in 1949, under the guidance of “Art serves farmers, workers and soldier”, freehand figure painting has targeted the workers, farmers and soldiers as their main subjects. It is inevitable that the artists would paint their outfit if they wanted to portrait the figure of them. While at that very moment, the traditional painting skill is not enough to meet the demand. It is at that time that pioneers of Chinese figure painting from Zhejiang School started to explore the new formal language. And thus, the development and the change of skill of painting clothes line, facilitate and enrich the transformation and formation of the formal language of Zhejiang school freehand figure painting. Starting with the analysis of the background of the 1950s’, through studying the works and documents of the Zhejiang School freehand figure painting pioneers, this paper states that they initiated from reform portraits, referring to Bonian Ren’s combining Chinese and Western painting way together. They gave their priority to line as their form of expression, paying much attention to the structure’s characteristics of model and the realism painting factor. Freehand figure painting of Zhejiang School also drew lessons from the Chinese traditional impressionistic bird-flower paintings. At the same time they pass on the pen and ink characteristics of Chinese traditional scholars, they also formulate their own unique style.
Key words: clothes line painting skill; formal language of Chinese freehand figure painting of Zhejiang School; realism painting factor; impressionistic bird-flower painting.

以今思古
——浅谈调研织金砂陶所感悟
王莹莹
摘要:织金砂陶是贵州民间陶瓷的一个品类,以造型质朴,釉色和烧成方式独特在现代民间陶瓷中独树一帜,其饱含地域文化的同时,承袭并保留了原始制陶工艺,为研究原始制陶提供了现实参考。本文根据当下织金砂陶生产中使用的泥料、成型方式、釉料、烧成方法等方面的信息,对其造型、装饰、制作、烧成等工艺进行分析并与原始陶器工艺进行比较,发现织金砂陶的泥料、成型方法与新石器时期的制陶工艺有直接关联,其平地扣烧的烧成方式为研究陶器烧制由无窑到有窑的发展过渡提供了有意义的参考。
Abstract: Zhijin folk sandy pottery is a category of Guizhou folk pottery which is unique among the folk for the plain modelling, glaze and firing. It not only full of regional culture, but also inherited the original craft up to the present. Through that the article analyzed the modelling, decoration and craftsmanship of the pottery and compared with the original pottery craft, we can know that the sandy pottery retains some the technological characteristics of primitive pottery. The kilns while firing the sandy pottery has reference values for the study the kilns development history develop from nothing ceramics technology.
关键词:织金砂陶 原始陶器 制作工艺 文化传承
Key words: Zhijin folk sandy pottery, primitive pottery, craftsmanship, cultural inheritance

旅游纪念品的文化品牌建构研究 ——以荣昌折扇为例  
黄海燕
摘 要: 基于传统工艺品的旅游纪念品的开发设计是重庆旅游纪念品市场的薄弱环节,本文因此针对荣昌折扇的发展做了一定的探讨并提出了一定的建议。在查阅大量文献资料和进行多次田野调查的基础上,本文首先针对重庆荣昌地区的折扇历史和现代转型做了一定的挖掘和梳理,并且探讨了荣昌折扇的文化特性,并给出一定案例加以佐证。最后从品牌建设的角度对荣昌地区的不同扇庄的品牌建设做了探讨,以使这种非物质文化遗产能够实现活性传播,成为重庆旅游纪念品的重要对外名片。从而印证了在旅游纪念品的设计与开发中,应该以文化作为主体,一方面在设计中调动一种或多种文化元素或文化符号,进行提炼、完善,并通过解构、重组等艺术手法来完成作品的设计,赋予作品更多的附加文化价值,同时应该以文化为中心进行品牌形象建设与推广,赋予品牌深刻而丰富的文化内涵,建立鲜明的品牌文化定位。
关键词: 荣昌;折扇;非物质文化遗产;文化品牌;夏布
Research on the Construction of Souvenir’s Cultural Brand –Taking RongChang Folding Fan for an Example
Abstract: The souvenir design on traditional craft is a weak link in Chongqing tourism industry. This article has made an investigation and given some suggestion. At first, based on a quantity of document reading and field investigation, this article made some discoveries and arrangement on the history of Rongchang folding brand, and then made a discuss on its cultural characteristics. At the same time, it also gave some samples. At last, it made a research on the construction of cultural brand of some Rongchang fan companies. In this way, it proved that in the designing and developing of souvenir, we should give priority to culture.
key words:  Rongcang; folding fan; souvenir; non-substance cultural heritage ;cultural brand; Chinese linen

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